Traumatic experiences of a human being have a big impact on his/her behaviour and the way of thinking. It is completely the same fo a whole nation. It’s important that every nation learns from and gains experience through its history. To understand These Connections better, a Group of 28 students went in June 2018 to Warsaw to visit places connected with the martyrdom of Poland. They wanted to identify those sources of the trauma of our nation. The students visited the Museum of Warsaw Uprising, Katyń Museum, the Museum of Political Prisoners during Communism, Powązki Cemetery and other similar sites. To get a deeper understanding of this part of our history, the students worked in groups to prepare presentations about their impressions. They had tto answer the following questions:
Here are some examples of the presentations.
The Katyn Massacre (The Katyn Massacre or the Katyn Crime was a series of mass executions of Polish intelligensia carried out by the Soviet Union, specifically the NKVD (the Soviet secret police) in April and May1940. Though the killings took place at several places, the massacre is named after the Katyn Forest, where some of the mass graves were first discovered.)
The students of our Polish partners school made interviews with different People who suffered of traumatic experiences. They focused on resource oriented questions and got very personal statements and touching in-sight-views.
After the armistice of Italy in September 1943, Italian soldiers were taken as prisoner of war by the Nazi Germans. Lisde Molinari, Marzia's uncle was sent to one concentration camp after the other. He indicated his journey on a little map with red arrows: Montanara, Thorn, Tschenstochau, Przemysl (the town of our Polish Partners), Hammerstein, Nürnberg...
was a German World War II prisoner of war camp located in Thorn/Toruń, Poland. It was not a single camp and contained as many as 20,000 men at its peak. The main camp was located in a complex of fifteen forts that surrounded the whole of the city. The forts had been built at the end of 19th century to defend the western border of Kingdom of Prussia.
In September 1939 some of the forts were used as POW (Prisoner of war) camps for Polish prisoners, specifically those captured after the surrender of the Polish fort at Westerplatte at the mouth of the river Vistula and on the Hel Peninsula. In June 1940 additional forts were added to the camp to accommodate British soldiers. The first to arrive were 403 men from the Allied campaign in Norway. Later about 4,500 arrived from Dunkirk and subsequently from the British 51st (Highland) Infantry Division captured at Saint-Valery-en-Caux. In 1941 and 1942 Soviet prisoners arrived. At the peak there were about 10,000 prisoners at thecamp. However many of them were located in sub-camps.
The camp was liberated on 1 February 1945 by the Soviet Army.In accordance with the Third Geneva Convention, POWs below the rank of Sergeant were required to work and were attached to Arbeitskommando (labour units). They were hired out to military and civilian contractors. In the case of farm work, this was often carried out on state farms. Sergeants and above could not be forced to work and if they did so were sent to non-working camps. Some of these sub-camps were not the traditional POW camps with barbed wire and guard towers but merely accommodation centres. Some camps were large and created for a particular project.
A British prisoner of war taken as a prisoner for 4.5 years tells about his cruel experiences:
The Polish Museum in Lamsdorf about STALAG and POW http://www.cmjw.pl/en/wystawy-czasowe/wystawa50/bracelet-from-lamsdorf08/
The cellar in the administration building has a very special past. Due to the special doors and the barred windows it seems obvious that it was used as a prison. Knowing that the building belonged to a rich Jewish Family in Przemysl before the German Nazis envaded Poland in 1939 an extinguished the Polish Jews it could be that the house was used by the Nazis and later on by the Soviets.
A history teacher of ZSEIO is building up a Little Museum in this cellar. One subject is an officer killed in the massacre of Katyn and an other subject is Solidarnosc with a lot of documents Student can touch a have a look at. Buildings, newspapers, photos can be time witnesses also.